wisdom teeth

Wisdom Teeth and Their Association to Braces

November 3rd, 2019

wisdom teeth

The majority of people have second molars by the time they are 13. At this point, problems such as spacing, crowding or an overbite will become apparent, which is why orthodontic treatment often begins at this time. Even after a teenager finishes treatment with Invisalign or metal braces, wisdom teeth can begin to erupt between ages 17 and 21. Many patients think that wisdom teeth may cause problems with straightened teeth or interfere with braces. For those looking for Gilbert orthodontics treatment, the answer is usually no.

Wisdom Teeth

The wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, start coming in when a person is in their late teens or early 20s. Healthy wisdom teeth do help with chewing food, but they are not required, and some people do not get them at all. While they can come in without issue, more typically they are crooked, partially erupt or become impacted. When this happens, there can be substantial pain, decay and infection.

Wisdom Teeth and Braces

wisdom teeth braces

In the past, it was thought that wisdom teeth would crowd the other teeth or cause orthodontic treatment relapse. This is because teeth shift in the early adult years, changing the bite, leading people to think they should have their wisdom teeth removed before wearing braces. Recent research has revealed that wisdom teeth do not exert enough pressure to move the other teeth out of position, and the changes people see are often age related. This is why it is important to wear a retainer after orthodontic treatment has been completed. In addition, waiting until wisdom teeth come in before starting braces can delay treatment for years. It is easier to move the jaw and teeth in younger patients during Gilbert orthodontics treatment, so it is better to start early and wear a retainer later on, regardless of whether the wisdom teeth have come in or not.

When to Get Wisdom Teeth Removed

While many people elect to have their wisdom teeth taken out before they begin to erupt, it may not be necessary. Currently, the practice is to leave them in place, unless any of the following problems arise:
wisdom teeth dentist

  • The teeth have no room to erupt
  • There is pain
  • The gum becomes swollen or infected
  • The teeth are impacted, causing headaches and sinus pain
  • The teeth cannot be kept clean, causing gum disease and cavities
  • There is cyst or benign tumor development

If these issues do occur during orthodontic treatment, the wisdom teeth can be safely removed by an oral surgeon without compromising the work already done.

 

When it comes to braces and wisdom teeth, the professional staff at Robison Orthodontics is always available to answer questions and address any concerns. Call 480-888-7711 to schedule a consultation or visit the website today.

What to do about Braces and Wisdom Teeth

June 5th, 2018

Wisdom teeth appear for most people from the late teen years into the early 20s. Those who are wearing braces for less than a year may wonder if wisdom teeth will have an effect on the straightening process. In most cases, the answer is no. The following explains what wisdom teeth are and what to expect when wearing braces.

wisdom teeth dentist braces

The Purpose of Wisdom Teeth
The ancient ancestors of modern humans ate meats, nuts and roots, all of which were difficult to chew. This is why they had large jaws that were very powerful. Today's diet is more varied, and human jaws have been getting smaller in response to this. The result of this evolution is jaws that are not big enough to accommodate wisdom teeth, requiring their removal.

Problems with Wisdom Teeth
When a jaw is too small for wisdom teeth, their eruption creates pressure on the surrounding teeth. Wisdom teeth can also become impacted behind the second molars if they come in sideways. Impaction is painful, and if wisdom teeth are only partially through the gums, they can cause infection. This is damaging to the other molars and not good for overall oral health.

The Effects of Wisdom Teeth on Orthodontic Treatment
Although it is common to see a small shift when wisdom teeth arrive, this is not a relapse of treatment with braces. Research conducted by the University of Iowa indicated there was no extra shifting by present teeth with the eruption of wisdom teeth. The shifting seen is caused by aging. Teeth naturally drift as people get older, and growth of the jaw may force the teeth to move into odd positions. This is why patients who have braces must consistently wear their retainers after treatment has ended.

Wisdom Teeth Removal
Even though it is not likely that the arrival of wisdom teeth will undo straightening results, they may need to be removed for general oral health. Each patient has different needs. It is best to work with the orthodontist to formulate a plan regarding wisdom teeth when the patient is wearing braces.

Wisdom teeth are a normal event of early adulthood. Those who wear braces should consult with their orthodontist to address any concerns.

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